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  Ecotour to the barda-Balkarian Alpine Nature Reserve

The Kabarda-Balkarian Nature Reserve was established in 1976 to protect the highest and extremely picturesque mountain area of the Main Caucasian Ridge. The Reserve with its glaciers and rocks, alpine meadows and forests occupies the territory of 741 sq.km. Glaciers cover more than one third of the territory. The most scenic part of the Main Caucasian Ridge the 15 km long Besengi Wall is known among mountaineers as Russian Himalayas or the ''Presidium of the Central Caucasus''. It includes 9 peaks, 5 of them are higher than 5000 m. The second longest glacier in the Central Caucasus 15 km Ullu Chiran Besengi descends from the foot of the Besengi Wall. Flora of the Reserve counts around 1000 species of higher plants. 74 of them are endemic of the Caucasus, 6 species are endemic of the Republic. A lot of rare beautiful flowers could be found in subalpine zone, many of them are endangered and listed in the Russia Red Book. At the end of summer slopes are red from wild strawberries, bilberries, stone berries. Around 5200 Caucasian turs (endemic species of ibex) the biggest population in the Caucasus inhabit the Reserve. Chamois, roe deer, wild boars, brown bears, lynx, martens, foxes, hares all could be seen here. More than 150 bird species are found here, including endangered, like Bearded Vulture, Black Vulture, Imperial Eagle, Golden Eagle, which nest here. In the buffer zone of the Nature Reserve, you have a unique opportunity to watch the nesting behavior of these birds of prey from the wooden hides made for ornithological observations. Caucasian Snowcock, Caucasian Black Grouse and Great Rose Finch can be found only in the Caucasus. Wall Creeper, Rock Partridge, Dipper and other rare birds could be observed here as well.

Financial Support of the League of Nation's Health.